The Electronic Nationality Verification Program: An Overview
U.S. immigration agencies use a range of programs to deport—or remove—certain noncitizens from the United States. Under the Trump administration, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and two of its component agencies, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), expanded their avenues for removal. One method, the Electronic Nationality Verification (ENV) program, was touted as a way to expedite the repatriation of certain Central Americans. There is little public information about the ENV program—only fleeting references by officials or in obscure reports. Yet since 2019, the government has used ENV to rapidly deport thousands of people. This fact sheet describes the ENV program, whom it affects, and highlights concerns regarding the program.
American Immigration Council (2021, February). The Electronic Nationality Verification Program: An Overview. https://www.americanimmigrationcouncil.org/research/electronic-nationality-verification-program-overview?emci=82fa1fa8-ac60-eb11-9889-00155d43c992&emdi=002eaa4b-da60-eb11-9889-00155d43c992&ceid=9183419