How Changes in Immigration Policy Might Affect the Federal Budget

Congressional Budget Office (CBO)
Date of Publication: 
January, 2015
Source Organization: 
Congressional Budget Office

How changes in immigration policy might affect the federal budget discusses how changes in immigration legislation might affect portions of the federal budget, including immigrant eligibility for public benefits and the share of tax revenues derived from immigrants.

The report also assesses the budgetary effects of changing the skill and educational profile of the immigrant population, creating more temporary worker programs, and strengthening border security. The report notes that in the future CBO will likely be required by Congress to estimate the macroeconomic effects of immigration reform, e.g. changes in GDP and employment. The report discusses the complex array of factors that need to be considered in determining the fiscal impact of any piece of immigration-related legislation. (Abstract courtesy of Dr. Nicholas V. Montalto)

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Congressional Budget Office. (2015). How Changes in Immigration Policy Might Affect the Federal Budget. Congressional Budget Office. Washington: DC. Retrieved from