Venezuelan Immigrants in the United States

Ari Hoffman and Jeanne Batalova
Date of Publication: 
February, 2023
Source Organization: 
Migration Policy Institute

According to this fact sheet from the Migration Policy Institute, there are 545,000 Venezuelan immigrants in the United States -- triple the number in 2010. Political instability and economic collapse have forced more than 7 million Venezuelans to flee their country and to take refuge in countries throughout the Americas. A new Biden administration policy has allowed 30,000 migrants per month from four countries, including Venezuela, the opportunity to apply for a two-year humanitarian parole. Compared to all U.S. immigrants, Venezuelans are far more likely to have a college degree and less likely to be naturalized citizens—the latter an unsurprising development given the recency of their arrival. They are also more likely to secure legal permanent residence (also known as getting a green card) after being granted humanitarian protection. Venezuelan adults have higher rates of educational attainment than both the native- and overall foreign-born populations. In 2021, approximately 57 percent of Venezuelan immigrants ages 25 and older reported having a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared to 35 percent of U.S.-born and 34 percent of immigrant adults. Just over half (51 percent) of Venezuelan immigrants resided in Florida in the 2017-21 period. The next largest states were Texas (14 percent) and New York (4 percent).

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Hoffman, A. & Batalova, J. (2023, February). Venezuelan Immigrants in the United States. Migration Policy Institute.