Economic Cost of Texas House Bill 413 and Senate Bill 576

Date of Publication: 
February, 2019
Source Organization: 
New American Economy

In 2001, Texas became the first state in the country to extend in-state tuition to all students who meet certain residency and other requirements, regardless of their immigration status. Since the passage of House Bill 1403, all students who have lived in state in the three years before graduating from Texas high schools or receiving their GED have been eligible to pay the in-state tuition rate at any of the state’s public colleges and universities—which is, on average, three times less expensive than the out-of-state rate. Since then, these students, known as affidavit students, have directly added tens of billions of dollars to the Texas economy.

These gains could be lost should House Bill 413 and Senate Bill 576 be passed this session. By changing the residency requirements for eligibility, these bills would make higher education prohibitively expensive for thousands of potential college graduates—specifically, undocumented students who have grown up in Texas and graduated from the state’s high schools.

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New American Economy. (2019). Economic Cost of Texas House Bill 413 and Senate Bill 576. Retrieved from